THE LEGENDS:

  Enjoy a trip through time to better understand how we have come to view child development and the psychology of human behavior and learning. 

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JOHN DEWEY

1859 - 1952

Believed that human beings learn through a hands-on approach to education; reality must be experienced.

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LEV VYGOTSKY

1896 - 1934

Social interaction influences the process of cognitive development. Coined the term zone of proximal development.

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ERIK ERIKSON

1902 - 1994

Identified 8 stages of psychosocial development which have a positive or negative outcome for personality development if not reached.

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LORIS MALAGUZZI

1920 - 1994 

Believed young children are driven by their instincts to learn, and created community based preschools under the principles of the Reggio Emilia approach to education. 

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ALBERT BANDURA

1925- 

Proposed the social learning theory stating all behavior is learned through observation and modeling.

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MARIA MONTESSORI

1870 - 1952 

Developed a philosophy of education based on scientific observation of how children learn along with freedom, independence and respect for children.

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JEAN PIAGET

1896 - 1980

First psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development, specifically in children

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ABRAHAM MASLOW

1908 - 1970

Behavior and actions are motivated by a hierarchy of human needs.

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LAWRENCE KOHLBERG

1927 - 1987 

Expanded on Piaget's theory of moral development and theorized how morality grows overtime.

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HOWARD GARDNER

1943 - 

Broadened the scope and understanding of intelligence through his theory of multiple intelligence